इतिहास & भूगोल General Knowledge Questions – सरकारी नौकरी Notes

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General Knowledge Questions, gk questions

इतिहास & भूगोल General Knowledge Questions – नमस्कार दोस्तों, आज हम आपके लिए लेकर आये है सरकारी नौकरी के लिए general knowledge questions और notes | दोस्तों आज हमने यहाँ इतिहास और भूगोल से संभंधित Notes बनाया है जो सरकारी नौकरी परीक्षाओं के लिए काफी उपयोगी है|

हमने यहाँ भूगोल और इतिहास के हर हर भाग से नोट्स को cover किया है जैसे

* इतिहास में Indus valley civilisation, harappa civilisation
* Buddhist councils
* भूगोल में भारतीय नदियाँ और उनके पुराने नाम
* भारतीय नदियाँ और उनकी उत्पत्ति
* Indian classical dances

इतिहास General Knowledge Questions

Important Indus valley sites with location

* Harappa – Pakistan

* Kalibangan – Rajasthan

* Mohenjodaro – Sindh, Pak

* Dholavira – Gujarat

* Banawali – Haryana

* Rakhigarhi – Haryana

* Lothal – Gujarat

* Surkotada – Kuthch

* Chanhudaro – Sindh, Pak

* Sutkagendor – Baluchistan province, Pak

Important Indus valley sites with founder

* Harappa – Dayaram sahni

* Mohenjodaro – Rakhal das banerjee [R D Banerjee]

* Kalibangan – A Ghosh

* Ropar – Y D Sharma

* Lothal – S R Rao

* Dholavira – J P Joshi

16 mahajanapadas with capitals

Vajjis – Vaishali

Surasena – Mathura

Vatsa – Kaushambai

Panchala – Ahichhatra, Kampilya

Anga – Champa

Asmaka – Paithan, Protishthan

Chedi – Shuktimati

Avanti – Ujjain

Matasya – Virat nagari

Malla – Kushinagar

Magadha – Rajgriha, Girivraj

Gandhara – Taxila

Kamboja – Rajpur

Kashi – Banarus

Kuru – Hastinapur

Kosala – Shravasti

Buddhist councils

* 1st council – Rajgir [during Ajatshatru period]

* 2nd – Vaishali [during Vaishali period]

* 3rd – Patliputra [during Ashoka period]

* 4th – Kundalvan [during Kanishka period]

भूगोल General knowledge questions 

Important rivers and their old names

* Beas – Vipas

* Ravi – Parushni

* Sutlej – Sutudri

* Jhelum – Vitasta

* Kurram – Krumu

* Kabul – Kubha

* Gomati – Gomal

* Chenab – Asikni

* Yamuna – Jamuna

* Ghagghar – Drishdvati

* Swat – Suwastu

* Haro – Arjikiya

* Sohan – Susoma

* Indus – Sindhu

Rivers and their origin

* Brahmaputra – Tibet [himalaya glacier] [in India through Arunachal pradesh]

* Ganga – Bhagirathi, Uttarakhand [Gangotri glacier]

* Betwa – Vindhya, MP [tributary of Yamuna]

* Gomti – Gomat taal, UP [tributary of Ganga]

* Hugli – WB [tributary of Ganga]

* Yamuna – Yamunotri glacier, Uttarakhand

* Chambal – Madhya pradesh [tributary of Yamuna]

* Kosi – Bihar, near Indo-Nepal border

* Sone – Amarkantak, MP [tributary of Ganga]

* Jhelum – Punjab [tributary of Chenab]

* Kaveri – Talakaveri, Karnataka [western ghats]

* Godavari – Maharashtra

* Ravi – Bara bhangal, HP

* Sutlej – Rakshastal, Tibet [tributary of Indus]

* Gandak [triveni sangam] – Nepal [tributary of Ganga, Indo-Nepal border]

* Ghaghra – Himalaya glacier, Tibet [tributary of Ganga]

* Damodar – Jharkhand [tributary of Hugli]

* Indus – Tibetan plateau [in India through J&K]

* Chenab – Upper himalaya, HP

* Beas – Himalaya, central HP

* Krishna – Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra [western ghats]

* Narmada – Amarkantak, MP

* Mahi – MP

* Tungbhadra – Karnataka [tributary of Krishna]

* Tapti – MP [satpura ranges]

Indian classical dances 

In India there are majorly 8 types of classical dances-

* Bharatnatyam

* Kathakali

* Kathak

* Odissi

* Manipuri

* Kuchipudi

* Mohiniattam

* Sattriya

Let us discuss key points in each dance form-

Bharatnatyam-

# From south India, Tamilnadu

# Ancient and most popular Indian dance form

# This dance form evolved by Poniah pillai and brothers, of Tanjore court

# Famous dancers – Sonal man singh, Rukmini devi, Mrinalini sarabhai, Bala saraswathi, Shanta rao, Yamini krishnamurthy

Kathkali-

# From Kerala

# It requires entire body performance of the artist’s body

# Famous dancers – Ragini devi, Shanta rao, Mrinalini sarabhai, Krishnan nair, Gopinathan

Kathak-

# From north India, UP, Rajasthan

# Narrates radha-krishna story in dance form

# Famous dancers – Sitara devi, Birju maharaj, Gopi krishna, Damyanti joshi

Odissi-

# From Odisha

# Evolved in temples like Venkateshwara, Konark sun temple, Jagannath temple

# Contains Jayadeva’s Gita govinda in dance form

# Famous dancers – Mohan mahapatra, Madhvi mudgal, Kalichandra kalicharan patnaik, Samyukta panigrahi, Pankaj charan das

Manipuri-

# From Manipur

# Dance form of lord Shiva and Parvati [at first adopted in Manipur]

# During the 16th century Radha Krishna dance form performed

# Performed by both men and women

# This dance form has 3 rasa-leelas > Maha rasa, Vasanta rasa and Kunja rasa

# Famous dancers – Sadhna bose, Charu mathur, Jhaveri sisters, Guru bipin sinha

Kuchipudi-

# From Andhra pradesh

# This dance form evolved by Tirtha narayan and Siddendra yogi

# Famous dancers – Lakshmi narayan shastri, Yamini krishnamurthy, Swapna sundari, Shobha naidu raja, Radha reddy

Mohiniattam-

# South India, Kerala

# Narrates the story of Lord vishnu

# Famous dancers – Ragini devi, Shanta rao, Jayaprabha menon, Sunanda nair

Sattriya-

# From Assam

# This dance form narrates mythological stories of Vishnu

# Performed in group of males

# Famous dancers – Ramkrishna thakur, Maniram dutta, Bapuram barbayan atai, Jibeshwar goswami

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